Tribal Forest Relationship
From the inception of human civilization man used to live in the silvian jungle and was nurtured in the cradle of Mother Nature. The degree of association of the forest with the tribal livelihood is symbiotic as well as mutually reinforcing relationship. The tribe is an important component of forest ecosystem in which they are in a multiplex relationship among populations of organisms for the means of adaptation within their habitat. The historic association with the forest through the ages has made the tribal a critical link in the system.
In the Indian context we refer to them as Adivasi, which means the original inhabitants of the land. They make the ecology of a given context complete.
Non Pastoral Nomads
Out of the three major Tribal Groups i.e. forest dwelling, pastoral Nomads and Non Pastoral Nomads, the Non Pastoral Nomadic Tribes are one of the most vulnerable and neglected Tribes in India. This Tribal group is an aggregation of about 131 different sub communities and clans across India and 42 Nomadic Tribes in Maharashtra. The nature of Non Pastoral Nomadic communities does not allow them to settle at one place for long periods of time. These Nomadic communities are involved in providing goods and services to the sedentary population although their settlements have always been aloof from the main village which is typical to these communities.
Econet is involved in implementation on participatory studies to generate documents of contemporary relevance for analysis and design for development of these communities. As part of our Legal and Advocacy support role we are making outreach efforts to visualize the issues of Non Pastoral Nomads.